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Last updated: 21st September 2015

Bangladesh at a glance

Introduction
General information
Geography
People
Economy
Key indicators
Transportation
Communication
Health

Introduction

Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in 1971 following a nine month war of liberation. It is one of the largest deltas of the world with a total area of 147,570 sq. km. With a unique communal harmony, Bangladesh has a population of about 152.51 million, making it one of the densely populated countries of the world. The majority (over 88%) of the people are Muslim. Over 98% of the people speak in Bangla. English, however, is widely spoken. The country is covered with a network of rivers and canals forming a maze of interconnecting channels. Being an active partner, Bangladesh plays vital role in the international and regional forum, particularly in the UN, Commonwealth and South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

 

General information

Official Name:
The People's Republic of Bangladesh
Political system:
Parliamentary democracy
Capital name:
Dhaka
Time zone:
GMT + 6 hours
Major cities:
Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal rivers:
Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli.(total 310 rivers including tributaries).
Principal industries:
Ready made garments, pharmaceuticals, cements, garment accessories, chemicals, fertilizers, newsprint, leather and leather goods, paper, sugar, jute, ship building.
Principal exports:
Readymade garments, frozen foods (shrimps), leather, leather products, jute, jute products, tea, ceramic, textile fabrics, home textile, chemical product, light engineering products including bi-cycle.
   
 
Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

Geography

Location:
Between 200 34' and 260 38' north latitude and between 880 01'
and 920 41' east longitude.
Boundary:
North: India
West: India
South: Bay of Bengal
East: India and Myanmar
Area: 56,977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.
Territorial water: 12 nautical miles Territorial Sea, 200 nautical miles Economic Zone.
Main seasons:
Summer (March-May), rainy season (June-September) and winter (December-February)
Climate variations:
Season
Temperature
Rainfall
Relative humidity
   
maximum
minimum
   
  Pre monsoon
32.60C
22.40C
453 mm
74%
  Monsoon
31.50C
25.50C
1,733 mm
86%
  Post monsoon
30.50C
21.40C
210 mm
80%
  Winter
26.50C
13.90C
44 mm
73%
  Annual
30.40C
21.20C
203 mm
78%
Principal seasonal crops and fruits: Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices, vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut, pineapple etc.
Natural resources: Natural gas, coal, lime, white clay, granite, glass sand.
   
 
Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

National Demographics

Total population (m*)
 
152.51
Male (m)
 
76.35
Female (m)
 
76.16
Annual growth rate
 
1.37%
Sex ratio (males per 100 females)
 
100.3
Density (per sq km)
  1015
*=million
Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Source: Projections as per previous report, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

Overview

GDP total: $112.00 bn (at current prices 2011-12)
GDP per capita: $1192 (at current prices 2014-15)
GDP growth rate (%): 6.12 (at constant prices 2013-14)
Total exports: $30.18 bn (2013-14)
Total imports: $36.99 bn (2013-14)
FDI Inflows: $1181 bn (Jan-Sep 2014)
International reserves: $21590.00 bn (Nov, 2014)
Currency: BDT (1 BDT=$0.0121) (avg 2011-12)
Source: Ministry of Finance,
Export Promotion Bureau

 

Source:Bangladesh Economic Review-2010 (Bangla version), Ministry of Finance

Contribution of industries to GDP during 2010-11 (m US$)

contribution-of-industries-to-gdp-during-2010-11-m-us

 

Source:Bangladesh Economic Review-2010 (Bangla version), Ministry of Finance


Foreign trade
Export Import trend during the financial year (2005-11*)

(in m US$)

export-import1

* Import fugure up to February, 2011 & export figure up to March, 2011
Source: Ministry of Commerce, GOB; Bangladesh Economic Review 2011(Bangla Version)
Major economic indicators: monthly update (volume 06/2010),Bangladesh Bank

Bangladesh export by major products (2010-2011)

Key indicators

Electricity

Electricity data
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-2010 2010-2011
Per capita generation (Kwh)
168.08
176.87
184.26
200.32 252
Per capita consumption (Kwh)
149.97
158.20
165.32
170.27  
Source: Anuual report 2009-10, Bangladesh Power Development Board

% of total electricity production during 2010

 

Source: Power and Energy Sector Development Roadmap, Ministry of Finance

 

Year
Installed capacity (MW)<1
Generation capability (MW)<2
Demand forecast (MW)<3
Demand served (MW)<4
2006-07
5,202
3,717
5,112
3,717
2007-08
5,201
4,130
5,569
4,130
2008-09
5,719
5,166
6,066
4,162
2009-10 5,823 5271 6454 4606
2010-11 7613 5000-5300    
Source: Anuual report 2009-2010, Bangladesh Power Development Board

 

1. Installed capacity as of June of the year.
2. Generation capability is the Maximum available generation capacity after maintanance outage in the year.
3. Demand forecast is the Base Forecast of PSMP-2005.
4. The dates of maximum demand served and maximum available generation capacity may not be the same.

Ports

Seaports:
Seaports
Chittagong and Mongla.
 
Inland river ports
Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Baghabari, Sharishabari, Narayanganj, Bhairab Bazar, Ashuganj.
Airports:
International airports
Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet.
  Domestic airports Chittagong, Jessore, Sylhet, Cox's Bazar, Syedpur, Rajshahi and Barisal.
Landports:   Benapole, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid, Hilli, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhaura, Bibirbazar and Bhomra.
Source: Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

Communications

Radio stations:
Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Rangpur, Sylhet, Rangamati, Comilla and Thakurgaon.
broadcasting programmes (in addition to Bengali): in English, Hindi, Urdu, Arabic and Nepali.
Television stations: Dhaka, Chittagong.
Relay stations:
Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Natore, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Noakhali, Satkhira, Cox's Bazar, Rangamati and Thakurgaon.
Television channels:
Terrestrial: BTV
Satellite: BTV World, Channel-I, NTV, ATN Bangla, Bangla Vision, Boishakhi TV, Islamic TV, Desh TV, ETV, My TV, Diganta TV, RTV.
Daily Newspaper: Daily Prothom Alo, Daily Ittefaq, Daily Kaler Kontha, Daily Janokantho, Daily Jugantor, Daily Bhorer Kagoj, Daily Star, Daily Independent, Daily Financial Express, Daily News Today etc.
Source: Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

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